Background: Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) is an established precursor to invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC) and its coexistence with IDC appear to favour reduced biological aggressiveness. Its prognostic implication and ability to affect clinical outcome has been controversial with no prior Asian studies. This study aims to be the first to explore if concomitant DCIS affects the clinical behavior in terms of disease progression and overall survival among Asian patients with IDC.
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