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PICCA study: panitumumab in combination with cisplatin/gemcitabine chemotherapy in KRAS wild-type patients with biliary cancer—a randomised biomarker-driven clinical phase II AIO study

Published:January 31, 2018DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejca.2017.12.028

      Highlights

      • Panitumumab was evaluated in KRAS wild-type patients with biliary cancer.
      • Addition of EGFR antibody to standard chemotherapy does not improve outcome of patients.
      • Molecular profiling identified p53 and IDH1/2 mutation as most common genetic alteration in our patient population.
      • IDH1/2 mutations might predict benefit from platin-based chemotherapy, which should be explored in prospective trials.

      Abstract

      Background

      Combination chemotherapy has shown benefit in the treatment of biliary cancer and further improvements might be achieved by the addition of a biological agent. We report here the effect of chemotherapy with the monoclonal EGFR antibody panitumumab as therapy for KRAS wild-type biliary cancer.

      Patients and methods

      Patients with advanced biliary tract cancer were randomised (2:1) to receive cisplatin 25 mg/m2 and gemcitabine 1000 mg/m2 on day 1 and day 8/q3w with (arm A) or without panitumumab (arm B; 9 mg/kg BW, i.v q3w). The primary end-point was the evaluation of progression-free survival (PFS) at 6 months. Secondary end-points included objective response rate (ORR), overall survival (OS), and toxicity. In addition, a post hoc assessment of genetic alterations was performed. Finally, we performed a meta-analysis of trials with chemotherapy with and without EGFR antibodies.

      Results

      Sixty-two patients were randomised in arm A and 28 patients in arm B. Patients received 7 treatment cycles in median (1–35) with a median treatment duration of 4.7 months (141 days, 8–765). PFS rate at 6 months was 54% in patients treated with cisplatin/gemcitabine and panitumumab but was 73% in patients treated with cisplatin/gemcitabine without antibody, respectively. Secondary end-points were an ORR of 45% in treatment arm A compared with 39% receiving treatment B and a median OS of 12.8 months (arm A) and of 20.1 months (arm B), respectively. In contrast to the p53-status, genetic alterations in IDH1/2 were linked to a high response after chemotherapy and prolonged survival. In accordance with our results, the meta-analysis of 12 trials did not reveal a survival advantage for patients treated with EGFR antibodies compared with chemotherapy alone.

      Conclusions

      Panitumumab in combination with chemotherapy does not improve ORR, PFS and OS in patients with KRAS wild-type, advanced biliary cancer. Genetic profiling should be included in CCA trials to identify and validate predictive and prognostic biomarkers.

      Clinical Trials Number

      The trial was registered with NCT01320254.

      Keywords

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