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Discrepancies in the use of chemotherapy and artificial nutrition near the end of life for hospitalised patients with metastatic gastric or oesophageal cancer. A countrywide, register-based study

Published:April 27, 2017DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejca.2017.03.029

      Highlights

      • Metastatic gastric and oesophageal cancers are associated with a poor prognosis.
      • Chemotherapy and artificial nutrition at the end of life are of questionable benefit.
      • Use of chemotherapy nutrition decreased as death approaches.
      • Use of artificial nutrition increases steadily in the final weeks of life.

      Abstract

      Aim

      To evaluate the frequency and the factors associated with the use of chemotherapy and artificial nutrition near the end of life in hospitalised patients with metastatic oesophageal or gastric cancer.

      Methods

      Nationwide, register-based study, including all hospitalised adults (≥20 years) who died with metastatic oesophageal or gastric cancer between 2010 and 2013, in France. Chemotherapy and artificial nutrition during the final weeks of life were considered as primary outcomes.

      Results

      A total of 4031 patients with oesophageal cancer and 10,423 patients with gastric cancer were included. While the proportion of patients receiving chemotherapy decreased from 35.9% during the 3rd month before death to 7.9% in the final week (p < 0.001 for trend), the use of artificial nutrition rose from 9.6% to 16.0% of patients. During the last week before death, patients with stomach cancer were more likely to receive chemotherapy (adjusted odds ratio (aOR) = 1.35, 95% CI = 1.17–1.56) but less likely to receive artificial nutrition (aOR = 0.80, 95%CI = 0.73–0.88) than patients with cancer of the oesophagus. The adjusted rates of chemotherapy use during the last week of life varied from 1.6% in rural hospitals to 11.2% in comprehensive cancer centres, while the adjusted probability to receive artificial nutrition varied from 12.1% in private for-profit clinics up to 19.9% in rehabilitation care facilities (p < 0.001).

      Conclusions

      Our study shows that in hospitalised patients with metastatic oesophageal or gastric cancer, the use of chemotherapy decreases while the use of artificial nutrition increases as death approaches. This raises important questions, as clinical guidelines clearly recommend to limit the use of artificial nutrition in contexts of limited life expectancy.

      Keywords

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