The recognition that children had different medical needs to those of adults, began to emerge in the 18th century and special hospitals were provided for them. Charité Hospital in Berlin and the Hôpital Enfant Malades in Paris were amongst the first, preceding London's Hospital for Sick Children at Great Ormond Street by more than 50 years. However, it took almost 200 years to recognise that there was a time period between being a child and adulthood which too had different needs. Indeed, before the Second World War, the concept of teenagers did not really exist. Writing in The Times in June 2003 on the occasion of the Jubilee of Queen Elizabeth, Richard Morrison wrote (of June 1953) “In the most far reaching change of all a new species of humanity was about to be created—THE TEENAGER. For the first time in history the unruly tastes of children would take precedence over their parents wishes. The ‘generation gap’ was born.”
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