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The management of cancer in the older adolescent

      Abstract

      Cancer in adolescents 15–19 years of age occurs at nearly twice the rate observed in 5- to 14-year-olds, but as of yet they have no explicit organisation for research and care, such as that structured for younger paediatric patients. Adolescents with cancer must be recognised as a subgroup of oncology patients with specific characteristics and needs requiring dedicated interest and management. The need is made most evident as outcome data indicates that adolescents are lagging behind in survival gains made in recent decades by both children and adults with cancer. Improvements in the overall survival, quality of care and quality of survival of adolescents with cancer will only occur by surmounting the challenges, discussed in this review, unique to this group of patients.

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